The American Eskimo Dog, also sometimes referred to as an Eskie, is a Spitz-type dog breed that originated in Germany. They were originally bred to be watchdogs and farm dogs meant to guard people and property. As these dogs spread across Northern Europe, they were developed into the various lines of German Spitz dog breeds. As Europeans immigrated to the United States in the early 1800s and onwards, they brought their dogs with them. The dog breed we know now as the American Eskimo descended from these dogs.
Due to a rise in anti-german sentiment around World War I, dog owners in the United States began referring to their dogs as American Spitz instead of German Spitz and the breed continued to develop in the United States. In 1919, the breed was officially recognized as the American Eskimo by the American United Kennel Club (UKC). The American Kennel Club recognized the American Eskimo Dog as part of the Non-Sporting Group in 1995.